Importance of Organic Farming in India - FeraxFarm

Organic farming means growing food without synthetic chemicals and instead using natural techniques like rotating crops, using natural fertilizers, and attracting helpful insects to control pests and diseases.

Importance of organic farming in India is of great value as it cares about the environment by preserving biodiversity, conserving water, and preventing soil erosion.

Organic farming is gaining popularity in India because it provides nutritious food while contributing to environmental preservation.

Organic farming allows for producing high-quality food free from harmful chemicals and full of nutrients. It helps tackling agricultural and environmental challenges while fostering a healthier and more prosperous society.

Indian farmers can secure their livelihoods, boost ecosystem resilience, and contribute to a cleaner and sustainable future by adopting organic farming practices.

Importance of Organic Farming in India

What is Organic Farming

Organic farming is an agricultural method of growing crops and raising animals. The method aims to maintain a natural balance in the environment.

Organic farming does not allow synthetically papered substances like chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and genetically modified organisms (GMOs).

It aims to create a sustainable and natural farming system harmonizing with nature. Organic farming has two types:

  • Integrated Organic Farming
  • Pure Organic Farming

Integrated organic farming: Integrated organic farming combines organic farming practices with elements of conventional farming methods. This farming method aims to make a balance between organic principles and the efficient use of resources.

In this approach, organic farmers may incorporate specific synthetic inputs or techniques, such as minimal chemical fertilizers or pesticide use when necessary.

Pure organic farming: Strict adherence to organic principles and avoidance of synthetic inputs are hallmarks of pure organic farming, commonly called 100% organic farming.

For soil fertility and insect management, farmers only use organic practices, including compost, crop rotation, organic fertilizers, and biological and natural pest control.

Importance of Organic Farming in India

Organic farming is vital in India, providing numerous environmental and human health benefits.

India has to feed a large population as the country is the second largest populated in the world and has several challenges in the agriculture sector, including soil erosion, water pollution, and overdependence on chemical fertilizers and pesticides for agricultural production.

Organic farming offers a sustainable solution to these issues. Reserving soil fertility is one of the main benefits of organic farming.

Farmers may preserve soil health, stop erosion, and improve water-holding capacity by implementing organic methods like crop rotation, composting, and employing natural fertilizers. This ensures sustainable agricultural production and reduces the risk of soil degradation.

Furthermore, organic farming promotes biodiversity by avoiding synthetic pesticides and genetically modified organisms. It helps preserve local plant and animal species, resulting in a healthy ecosystem that promotes pollination and natural pest control.

By avoiding chemical inputs, organic farming also mitigates water pollution, protecting surface and groundwater sources.

Additionally, organic produce is free from harmful synthetic pesticides and chemical residues. The absence of harmful chemical residues in food means consumers will receive healthier food, which reduces the possibility of developing diseases associated with pesticides and synthetic fertilizers.

Moreover, organic farming practices promote sustainable livelihoods for small-scale farmers, empowering them to cultivate their land without depending on expensive inputs.

Organic farming in India holds immense significance. It encourages sustainable agriculture, safeguards the environment, increases biodiversity, and gives customers access to healthier food options.

For the benefit of the Indian population and the earth’s environment, promoting and supporting organic farming methods is essential.

Also Read: 7 Hybrid Mustard Varieties In India

Status of Organic Farming in India

In recent years, organic farming in India has expanded dramatically and attracted more attention. The country has a rich agricultural heritage and favorable agro-climatic conditions, making it conducive to organic practices.

According to a survey by FiBL in 2021, India is uniquely positioned among 187 countries practicing organic farming. India has 30% of organic producers in the world.

The organic cultivation area in India is 2.30 million hectares, and there are 27,59,660 organic farmers (11,60,650 with PGS certification and 15,99,010 with India Organic certification). The country also has 1,703 organic processors and 745 organic traders.

Organic agricultural land has significantly increased in India over the past few years. The government has implemented various initiatives and programs to promote organic farming, such as the National Program for Organic Production (NPOP) and Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY).

The National Program for Organic Production (NPOP) aims to encourage and support organic farming in India. It offers guidelines for organic farming practices and certifies organic products.

Besides, people are now becoming more aware of the benefits of organic products and are interested in organically produced products, both within the country and globally. However, challenges persist, including enhanced infrastructure, access to credit, and market linkages.

Despite these obstacles, organic farming in India continues to evolve, offering immense potential for sustainable agriculture and rural development.

Benefits of Organic Farming

Healthier food: Produce from organic farming is devoid of dangerous chemical residues because it doesn’t utilize synthetic pesticides, herbicides, or genetically modified organisms. This ensures that consumers have access to healthier and safer food options.

Environmental sustainability: Organic farming practices prioritize soil conservation, reducing erosion, and promoting soil fertility. Avoiding chemical inputs also helps prevent water pollution. It protects biodiversity by creating a balanced ecosystem that supports native plant and animal species.

Sustainable livelihoods: Organic farming empowers small-scale farmers by reducing their dependency on expensive chemical inputs. Farmers have a viable and sustainable choice with organic farming to grow their land sustainably, protecting their way of life in the process.

Climate change mitigation: Moreover, it contributes to mitigating climate change as it has a lower carbon footprint than conventional farming, thanks to the reduced use of synthetic fertilizers and fossil fuel-based inputs. It promotes carbon sequestration in the soil, aiding in climate change mitigation.

Improved water quality: By avoiding chemical fertilizers and pesticides, organic farming helps prevent water contamination, ensuring cleaner water sources for both agricultural and domestic purposes.

Enhances soil health: Organic farming increases the quantity of organic matter in the soil, enhancing nutrient availability, promoting healthy soil microorganisms, and help reducing soil erosion.

Enhanced taste and flavor: Many consumers prefer organic produce for its superior taste and flavor. The absence of synthetic chemicals and the focus on natural cultivation methods contribute to the enhanced sensory experience of organic food.

Disadvantages of Organic Farming

While organic farming provides healthy food and helps preserve the environment and biodiversity but it has some downsides:

Lower yields: Organic farming often yields lower crop yields than conventional farming methods. Lower crop yields are due to probations of using synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, which can result in reduced pest and disease control and lower nutrient availability for plants.

Increased labor and cost: Organic farming requires more manual labor and intensive management practices. Farmers may spend more time and effort on weed and pest control, crop rotation, and composting, leading to increased labor costs and overall production expenses.

Risk of crop damage: Organic farming relies heavily on natural methods for pest control, which may not be as effective as synthetic pesticides. This can raise the chances of crops being harmed by pests, diseases, and weeds, hurting the farm’s productivity and profitability.

Limited availability and higher prices: Organic products are often priced higher than conventionally grown counterparts due to the lower yield and increased production costs. This can make organic food less accessible and affordable for some consumers, limiting its widespread availability.

Transition challenges: Converting from conventional to organic farming can be challenging and time-consuming. It requires a significant transition period (usually three years) to eliminate synthetic inputs and build up soil health. During this period, farmers may face financial and logistical challenges.

Market demand and price fluctuations: While the demand for organic products grows, it can still be subject to market fluctuations and uncertainties. Farmers may need help finding stable markets and securing fair prices for their organic produce.

Although organic farming has its downsides, it’s essential to recognize its numerous environmental advantages. These include reducing chemical pollution, enhancing soil health, and preserving biodiversity.

Challenges to Indian Organic Farming

India’s organic farming industry confronts a number of difficulties that must be overcome:

Limited awareness: Farmers need to be made more aware of the advantages and methods of organic farming.

Lack of infrastructure: Insufficient availability of organic inputs, storage facilities, and processing units hinders the growth of organic farming.

Market linkages: Farmers face challenges accessing markets that offer fair prices for organic produce. Strengthening market linkages and creating demand is crucial.

Certification Process: Obtaining an organic product certificate can be difficult and expensive, particularly for small-scale farmers. Simplifying the certification process and reducing the associated costs would encourage more farmers to adopt organic practices.

Pest and disease management: Organic farming relies on natural pest and disease control methods, which can be challenging to implement effectively, leading to yield losses.

Financial support: Limited access to credit and financial support for organic farmers restricts their ability to invest in infrastructure, inputs, and training.

Addressing these challenges through farmer training, infrastructure development, market development, and policy support will help promote the growth of organic farming in India.


Organic farming holds immense importance in India. It promotes sustainable agriculture, protects the environment, and ensures the production of healthy and chemical-free food. Organic agriculture helps conserve soil quality, enhances biodiversity, and reduces water pollution.

It provides livelihood opportunities for rural communities and contributes to rural development. By avoiding synthetic inputs, organic farming reduces the risk of chemical residues in food and protects consumers’ health.

Additionally, organic farming aligns with traditional farming practices in India, preserving cultural heritage and indigenous knowledge.

It is essential to continue supporting and promoting organic agriculture through awareness campaigns, policy incentives, and market development to reap its numerous benefits for farmers, consumers, and the overall ecosystem.


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