Agricultural Research Institutes in India - FeraxFarm

India is an agricultural country about 58 percent population of India earns their livelihood from agriculture. Seeing this, the government established several agricultural research institutes in India to provide necessary information about this vital sector.

Information about crop cultivation and climate provided by these institutes is vital for farmers to cultivate different crops. These institutes provide research data that help the government to frame policies to flourish the agriculture sector in the country.   

These agricultural institutes work towards improving agriculture by increasing knowledge and improving technology for this sector. Also, these institutes help farmers grow their crops better in several ways.  

Besides research and information, these institutes employ the people of the country. 

This post will briefly look at these research institutes in India.     

Objectives of Agricultural Research Institutes In India

List of Agricultural Research Institutes in India

India has many agricultural research institutes; these institutes research to improve the agricultural sector in India. These institutes include:  

Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI)

IARI is one of the top agricultural research institutes in India. The institute was founded in 1905. The institute mainly conducts research and provides information on different farming areas, such as growing crops, gardening, plant diseases, agricultural engineering, etc. 

The institute has significantly contributed to crop improvement, pest management, and sustainable farming practices.

National Rice Research Institute (NRRI) 

NRRI, located in Cuttack, Odisha, specializes in rice research and development. It researches improving rice varieties, crop management practices, and post-harvest technologies. 

National Rice Research Institute has played a vital role in enhancing rice productivity and addressing challenges related to food security.

Central Potato Research Institute (CPRI) 

CPRI, situated in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, is dedicated to potato research and development. The institute focuses on developing disease-resistant potato varieties, optimizing cultivation techniques, and exploring value-added products from potatoes. 

CPRI’s efforts have contributed significantly to the potato industry in India.

Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) 

IVRI, based in Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, is an esteemed institute for veterinary research. IVRI research institute studies different things about animal health, raising animals, and how to control diseases in animals.

IVRI has been instrumental in developing vaccines, diagnostic tools, and best practices for animal healthcare.

Central Institute for Cotton Research (CICR) 

The institute research cotton and focuses on improving cotton crop in India. CICR is based in Nagpur, Maharashtra, India. The institute focuses on enhancing cotton varieties, pest management strategies, and sustainable farming practices. 

CICR’s research has positively impacted the cotton industry, benefiting farmers and textile manufacturers.

National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI)

NDRI is a top research institute for studying dairy science. The institute is situated in Karnal, Haryana. NDRI researches various aspects of milk production, processing, and quality assurance. 

This research institute played a crucial role in the growth and development of the dairy sector and contributed significantly towards this sector in India 

Also Read: Millet Production in India

Central Institute of Fisheries Education (CIFE)

CIFE, situated in Mumbai, Maharashtra, is a renowned fisheries research and education institute. It focuses on developing sustainable aquaculture practices, fish breeding techniques, and fisheries management strategies.

CIFE’s research has contributed to the growth of the fisheries sector and the conservation of aquatic resources.

National Institute of Plant Genome Research (NIPGR) 

This New Delhi-based agricultural research institute of India is studying the genes of plants. It aims to unravel the genetic mechanisms underlying plant growth, development, and stress tolerance. 

This plant genome research institute has the potential to enhance crop resilience and improve agricultural productivity.

Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) 

CMFRI is deducted to study marine fisheries; the institute is located in Kochi, Kerala. It focuses on finding ways to fish sustainably, protecting marine biodiversity, and developing water farming technologies.

CMFRI’s research has contributed to the conservation of marine resources and the livelihood of coastal communities.

National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning (NBSS&LUP)

The National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning Institute conducts soil research; the research center is located in Maharashtra (Nagpur). 

It conducts studies to understand soil quality, how to plan the optimal use of land, and how to manage natural resources properly. The institute provides valuable insights into soil fertility, land degradation, and watershed management. 

NBSS&LUP’s research supports sustainable land use practices and promotes soil conservation.

Central Institute for Research on Cotton Technology (CIRCOT) 

CIROT Institute researches enhancing cotton technology in India. The research center is based in Maharashtra Mumbai. 

It works towards improving cotton ginning, spinning, and processing techniques and developing innovative textile materials from cotton fibers.

National Research Centre on Plant Biotechnology (NRCPB)

NRCPB is based in the capital of India, i.e., New Delhi, and conducts research in plant biotechnology.

The institute aims to develop genetically modified crops, enhance crop resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses, and explore biotechnological approaches for sustainable agriculture.

Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute (IASRI) 

The New Delhi-based IASRI specializes in agricultural statistics, informatics, and data analysis research.

It develops statistical methodologies and models to analyze agricultural data, providing valuable policy formulation and decision-making insights.

National Institute of Animal Nutrition and Physiology (NIANP) 

NIANP, located in Bengaluru, Karnataka, focuses on animal nutrition, physiology, and feed technology research. It aims to improve livestock productivity, enhance feed efficiency, and develop animal health and welfare nutritional strategies.

Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (CIMAP) 

Establishing this agriculture research center in India aims to research aromatic and medicinal plants. CIMAP is situated in Uttar Pradesh (Lucknow). 

It aims to develop high-yielding plant varieties, optimize cultivation practices, and explore the medicinal properties of various plant species.

National Centre for Cold Chain Development (NCCD)

The National Centre for Cold Chain Development (NCCD) is headquartered in New Delhi. It focuses on researching and developing infrastructure for storing perishable goods at low temperatures.

It focuses on enhancing post-harvest management, storage, and transportation of agricultural produce, reducing post-harvest losses, and ensuring quality.

Central Arid Zone Research Institute (CAZRI) 

CAZRI research central work towards sustainable farming in India; it is situated in Jodhpur, Rajasthan. Its primary focus is studying sustainable agriculture and managing natural resources in dry and semi-dry areas.

CARZI research center develops drought-tolerant crop varieties, water conservation techniques, and land reclamation strategies.

Indian Institute of Horticultural Research (IIHR) 

The IIHR research institute specializes in researching and developing the horticulture sector, and its headquarter is located in Bengaluru, Karnataka. 

It focuses on improving fruit and vegetable varieties, post-harvest management techniques, and sustainable horticultural practices.

National Institute of Abiotic Stress Management (NIASM) 

NIASM, situated in Malegaon, Maharashtra, is dedicated to researching abiotic stresses such as drought, heat, and salinity in agriculture.

It develops stress-tolerant crop varieties, efficient irrigation methods, and management strategies to mitigate the impact of abiotic stresses on crop productivity.

Central Institute of Brackishwater Aquaculture (CIBA) 

CIBA, headquartered in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, researches brackishwater aquaculture systems. It focuses on developing shrimp and fish farming technologies in brackishwater environments, promoting sustainable aquaculture practices, and conserving coastal ecosystems.

Indian Institute of Pulses Research 

This institute, situated in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, specializes in research related to pulses. It aims to improve pulse crops’ production, productivity, and sustainability in India.

Indian Institute of Horticultural Research 

This horticulture institute researches the development of the horticulture sector and is located in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. 

It researches enhancing horticultural crops’ productivity, quality, and post-harvest management.

Indian Institute of Soil Sciences, Bhopal 

Soil research institute of India researches soil sciences and soil fertility and is situated in Madhya Pradesh (Bhopal). The institute aims to develop sustainable soil management practices, conservation techniques, and nutrient management strategies.

Central Sheep and Wool Research Institute, Avikanagar, Rajasthan 

This institute, situated in Avikanagar, Rajasthan, focuses on research and development related to sheep and wool. It works towards enhancing sheep’s productivity, health, and genetic improvement and promoting wool quality and processing techniques.

Indian Institute of Spices Research

Based in Kozhikode, Kerala, this institute specializes in research on spices. It aims to develop improved spice varieties, sustainable cultivation practices, and post-harvest technologies for various herbs grown in India.

Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow 

This institute, located in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, focuses on sugarcane research and development. It works towards developing high-yielding sugarcane varieties, optimizing cultivation practices, and addressing challenges in sugarcane farming.

Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi

Institute of vegetable research is situated in Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh, and specializes in vegetable research. It aims to develop improved vegetable varieties, sustainable cultivation techniques, and integrated pest management strategies for vegetable crops.

Central Agroforestry Research Institute 

Central Agroforestry Research Centre conducts research on agroforestry systems. It focuses on developing agroforestry models, promoting tree-crop interactions, and enhancing agroforestry practices’ ecological and economic sustainability.

Central agroforestry research center is situated in Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, and was established in 1988. 

Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation 

Soil and water conservation research institute of India conducts soil and water conservation research. The institute’s headquarters is situated in Dehradun, Uttarakhand. 

It works to develop soil and water conservation technologies, promote sustainable land management practices, and mitigate soil erosion and water degradation.

Indian Institute of Oil Palm Research, Pedavegi, West Godavari 

This institute, situated in Pedavegi, West Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, specializes in oil palm research.

The institute aims to develop improved oil palm varieties, sustainable cultivation practices, and post-harvest technologies for oil palm crops. This palm research institute was established in 1995.

Indian Institute of Seed Research 

This institute focuses on research related to seeds and seed technology. It aims to develop high-quality seeds, enhance seed storage and processing techniques, and promote seed quality standards in India.

Indian Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Ranchi 

Located in Ranchi, Jharkhand, this institute specializes in agricultural biotechnology research. It focuses on developing biotechnological tools and techniques for crop improvement, genetic engineering, and sustainable agriculture practices.

Importance of Agricultural Research Institutes in India

Agricultural institutes play a crucial role in India’s development and food security. They serve as centers of excellence in research, education, and training, providing valuable knowledge and innovation to farmers. 

These institutes contribute significantly to the agricultural sector by developing high-yielding crop varieties, advanced farming techniques, and effective pest management strategies. They also focus on improving soil health, water conservation, and sustainable farming practices. 

Through their extensive research and outreach programs, agricultural institutes disseminate valuable information to farmers, empowering them with the latest farming practices and technologies. 

Besides, these institutes act as places where scientists, policymakers, and farmers work together. They work in collaboration to overcome the problems faced by the agricultural industry in India.

Overall, agricultural institutes are instrumental in driving agricultural growth, enhancing productivity, and ensuring food security in India.


Agricultural Research institutes in India are vital in advancing the country’s agricultural sector. These institutes have contributed significantly to crop improvement, technology development, and sustainable farming practices with their relentless efforts.

Their research and innovation have introduced high-yielding varieties, efficient irrigation techniques, and improved pest management strategies, enhancing agricultural productivity and farmer incomes.

These institutes serve as knowledge hubs, fostering collaboration and disseminating valuable information to farmers and stakeholders. Agricultural research centers of India continue to be the backbone of agricultural progress, driving sustainable and inclusive growth.




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